A picture is worth a thousand words…
The NASA satellite image below appeared in the August 2012 U.S. Geological Survey report that confirmed the loss of trapping capacity in the Conowingo Dam reservoir, and has since served as a calling card for the Coalition. We added the Maryland county jurisdictional boundaries.
There are some staggering numbers behind the photograph of the 100-mile long sediment plume emanating from the Conowingo Dam a few days after Tropical Storm Lee in September 2011.
Estimated amounts transported into the Bay during this single storm event are shown below:
*According to the U.S. Geological Survey
42,000 tons nitrogen
10,600 tons phosphorus
19 million tons sediment (of which 4 million tons was scoured from the reservoir)
*According to the UMCES- Horn Point (Cambridge, MD) Survey
115,910 tons nitrogen
14,070 tons phosphorus
For comparison, below are the yearly pollutant loading averages from 1978-2011
71,000 tons nitrogen
3,300 tons phosphorus
2.5 million tons sediment
What will the next significant watershed storm event do to the Bay and to the restoration efforts below the Conowingo Dam?